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Dental Treatment

Dental Treatment

Dental Check-Up

Your dentist will inspect each tooth using small instruments inserted into your mouth, such as a mirror and probe. The dentist looks for issues such as tooth decay, gum disease and other conditions.

If a suspected dental problem is difficult to see the dentist may need to take x-rays. If a problem exists, your dentist will explain the treatment options and give you an estimate of the cost and likely waiting time.

Scaling and Cleaning

Scaling and cleaning involves the removal of built-up debris from the teeth. This may include food particles, soft plaque or hard calculus. The dentist then cleans and polishes your teeth using a rotating brush with abrasive paste. This helps treat and prevent gum diseases.

Fissure Sealants

Sealants protect teeth from decay. Any tooth that has deep grooves or fissures can be treated.

A sealant is a durable liquid plastic that is painted on to the biting surface of a cleaned tooth. It forms a physical barrier that stops food and other bacteria from collecting in the fissures of the tooth. Fissure sealants are commonly recommended for children, as they reduce the risk of decay in permanent teeth.

Dental Fillings

Tooth decay that has caused a cavity is treated with dental fillings. The dentist uses a drill and other tools to remove the decay. The cavity is cleaned, dried and sealed with a filling material.

A variety of materials are available for filling the cavity. You will be given advice on the most suitable material, based on the size, shape and location of the required filling. A common choice is tooth-coloured filling material, which can restore the aesthetic appearance of the tooth, as well as its shape and function.

Restoring Damaged Teeth

Your dentist can suggest various treatments to restore damaged teeth. These treatments help restore the appearance, shape and function of your teeth. They include:

Bonding – chipped, gapped, discoloured or oddly shaped teeth can be treated with bonding. A tooth-coloured resin filling is applied to achieve a more regular look to the affected tooth. However, the resin may need to be replaced occasionally.

Veneers – teeth can be fitted with porcelain or resin veneers. A veneer is usually 0.5 mm thick and is permanently glued to the front of the tooth.

Crowns – these are caps that are permanently cemented or bonded to a tooth. Crowns are made of porcelain and can be matched to the colour of the existing tooth.

Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment is a procedure that replaces a tooth’s damaged or infected pulp with a filling.

During root canal treatment, the pulp is removed from a tooth. The dentist cleans and shapes the root canals with a drill and small files. The tooth’s interior is cleaned, dried and packed with a filling material that goes all the way down to the end of the root. An artificial biting surface is created for the tooth out of dental amalgam, composite material or a crown. This also protects the tooth from fracture, which can occur after root canal treatment. A root canal may need to be performed over a number of appointments or now a days single sitting route canal treatment is also popular.

Tooth Removal (extraction)

Modern dentistry and oral health practitioners aim to preserve natural teeth. However, extensively damaged or badly decayed teeth may need to be removed (extracted). The dentist may also recommend extraction to deal with wisdom teeth that are causing problems.

A tooth may be removed while under local anaesthetic. Sedation or general anaesthesia may also be offered depending on the difficulty of the procedure.

Fitting of Dentures

Dentures are artificial teeth that replace some or all of your natural teeth and can be removed at will by the person. An ‘immediate’ denture can be made while you still have some of your teeth. It is fitted on the day your teeth are removed.

Fitting of Mouthguards

Mouthguards are protective devices that cover the teeth and gums to prevent injury to the teeth, gums, lips, tongue and jaws. They are frequently used while playing sport to prevent damage from accidental or deliberate knocks to the face.

Dental implants

A dental implant can be used to replace missing teeth. An implant is an artificial tooth that consists of a small titanium screw that is fixed into the jaw and an artificial tooth that is fitted on top of that. Several dental appointments are required for the measuring, design, and fitting of the implant.

In time, the implant becomes fused with the bone of the jaw. Implants have a high long-term success rate. However, this is a specialised field of dentistry, so your dentist or oral health professional may need to refer you.

Orthodontic treatment

Orthodontic treatment is often recommended to correct abnormalities in jaw and tooth position, such as crowding, an overbite or protruding teeth. Your dentist can diagnose and treat these problems or, more usually, may refer you to an orthodontist for treatment. Corrective treatment may include braces or a removable device, and subsequently a retainer appliance to maintain correct tooth positions.

Gum Surgery

Periodontal or gum disease is an infection that affects the gums and jaw bone, which can lead to a loss of gum and teeth. There are two major stages — gingivitis and periodontitis.

Other Dental Procedures

  • Dental Scanning
  • Ceramic caps without gold under microscopic control
  • Prosthesis on the implant
  • Vertical and horizontal bone grafting
  • Gum Grafting
  • Palatal orthodontics
  • Fluoride treatments for children
  • Maxillary surgery
  • Over denture
  • Combined prostheses with milling
  • Tooth Contouring and Reshaping
  • Laser Dentistry
  • Full Mouth Reconstruction
  • Pits and Fissure Sealants
  • Smile Design